Flora and Fauna of Atlantida
In the area of the department of Atlantida there are 13 types of ecosystems, being the predominant broadleaf tropical forest, which is characterized by high biodiversity of flora and fauna.
The fauna of the pluvioselva region is rich and varied, the most common are those of arboreal life, and those that live in river currents and lake waters.
Large animals are not very numerous, but there are hundreds of species of reptiles, amphibians, and birds; lizards and many varieties of fish in the streams; Monkeys, bats, and birds abound on trees, and thousands of varieties of insects continually swarm: wasps, ants, mosquitoes, mosquitoes, midges, and others.
Among the most common species in this biogeographic region are: San Juan (Vochysya Hondurensis), Sangre (Virola Koschinyi, Virola Sebif Era) Cedro Real (Cedrela Mexicana) Cedro Común (Cedrela Adorata), Mahogany (Swetonia Niahogoni L.) Tree Of María (Calophyllum Brasiliense), Cortes (Tabebuia Guayacan) Espavel (Anacardium Excelsum), Guayabon (Terminalia Amazonia), Birnbayan (Vitex Cooperi) Sangredrago (Pterocarpus Officinalis), Hule Tree (Elastic Castile), Capulin De Montaña (Bellotia Pana.Mensis ) Palm (Astrocaryum Standleyanwn) Raft (Ochroma Lagopus) guarumo (Cecropia Peltata) Pink Wood (Mirya Balsamífera) Brazil (Coesalpinia Echinata) Coconut (Cocus Nucifera) Corozo (Orignya Cahoume).
Among the mammals are the danto, wild boar, or peccary, jagüilla, tiger or jaguar, cougar, ocelot or tigrillo, wild cat or caucel, yaguarundí or small cougar, bat, single coat, coat heron, raccoon, bear anthill, guatusa, tepescuincle or paca, in the rivers are the water fox and the otter. Among the mammals with arboreal habits are the spider monkey or monkey, the titi, the white-faced or capuchin monkey, howler monkey, front three-toed sloth, and the lion monkey.
The manatee is the emblematic species of the Cuero y Salado Foundation, Fucsa, which is in charge of preserving the natural beauty of the refuge and coordinates the visits. Also called a “sea cow,” the manatee breeds among the mangrove’s aerial roots and flees when it detects the frequent presence of humans.
The birds are varied and abundant, they are: hummingbirds or sparrows (more than 20 species) the widow. The woodpecker, barn owl, owl or spectacled owl, endangered the tacan or razor beak and orioles, red-naped parrot, green parakeet from the coast, buzzard or Central American condor, the blood Christ or robin, stork, green guara, black duck.
Loras, oak pheasant, ocotera pigeon, roadrunner or dog’s soul, magpie, graze, quail, torcasa, macaw, taragon or guardabarranco, cenzonde, goldfinch, sparrowhawk, bearded vulture, owl and osprey.
Crab, shrimp, lobster, crab, manta ray and a wide variety of fish.
Among the reptiles are the yellow beard, tamagás, boa, brown caiman, iguanas, freshwater turtles such as the loggerhead, some endangered such as the rattlesnake, the green turtle, sea golf turtle, hawksbill turtle, the lizard and among amphibians there are abundant toads and climbing frogs of various species.