Flora in Honduras
The flora of Honduras is very varied, the rain forest or rain forest, also classified as Tropical Rain Forest , is one of the most impressive as a plant formation; Ecologists call it “Megathermic Hygrophilic Formation”, as it corresponds to regions of high humidity and constant high temperatures. In which there is a single dominant species, such as pine or fir, covering large areas.
The eastern part of the country “La Mosquitia”. There is a great abundance of climbing plants or vines, such as lianas. Great variety of epiphytes, the most striking being orchids. Due to their adaptation to ambient humidity, the trees are enormous and do not have deep roots, supported by large buttresses or spurs, while the leaves are many and large. The tree trunks are straight and smooth and their first branches grow high above the ground.
The Pluvioselva of Honduras corresponds to the northern region below 600 meters of elevation; there is no completely defined dry season and it covers 29% of the total surface of the country.
Among the most typical plant species in this biogeographical region are: Royal cedar (Cedrela mexicana), Common Cedar (Cedrela odorata), mahogany (Swetonia mahogoni L.), María tree (Calophyllum brasiliense), Cortés (Tabebuia guayacan), “Espavel” or Mijao (Anacardium excelsum), guava (Guayabón) or (Tarminalia amazonia), and many others.
There are numerous palm trees near the coasts, the fruit is tropical and the flowers of all colors. It is very common to find textile plants such as cotton or pacaya. There is also a great variety of medicinal plants such as chicory, apazote and Balsam of Tolú. Gum (Ficus elastica) and resin, hawthorn and palmacristi (Ricinus communis) are used as producer trees.