The Map of Honduras
The first general map of the Republic of Honduras at a scale of 1: 500,000 was prepared by Dr. Jesús Aguilar Paz, approved by the Government through agreement number 689 of January 23, 1930.
A second, improved and updated edition appeared in 1954, this geographic chart for a long time filled an important gap in the country’s cartographic information, as there were no government agencies that would satisfy this need.
What does the map of Honduras represent?
The map is the geographical representation of Honduras, in which the 18 departments of the country appear, the oceans that bathe its coasts, the border areas and the various elements that make up the relief.
More than 65% of the Honduran territory is mountainous , with fertile valleys crossed by rivers, seas, islands and coasts, all made up of a rich biodiversity of species, comprising a variety of ecosystems and genetic differences within each species, coupled with beautiful landscapes.
In the same way, the names of the cities, municipalities, villages and hamlets established throughout its territory, including the insular areas, appear.
The current and official map of the Republic of Honduras currently has 112,492 km 2, it fulfills the three-dimensional requirements of latitude, in it a total of 404 kilometers are delimited that have been incorporated into the territory after the ruling of The Hague on September 12, 1992, as a result of the definition of borders between Honduras and El Salvador.
Honduras limits to the north with the Caribbean Sea or the Antilles, to the east and southeast with the Republic of Nicaragua, to the south with the Gulf of Fonseca and the Republic of El Salvador, and to the west with the Republic of Guatemala.
Honduras is geographically located between 15 ° 00´ north latitude, 13 ° 33´ south latitude, 83 ° 9´ east longitude and 86 ° 30´ west longitude.
In its political division it consists of the following 18 departments:
Who was Jesús Aguilar Paz?
Dr. Jesús Aguilar Paz, apart from his chemical and pharmaceutical profession and professor; He had his inclinations towards geography, which is why he traveled the country on his own account on the back of a mule, between the years 1915-1933, making the first official map of Honduras.
The map of Dr. Jesús Aguilar Paz is considered a work that, having fulfilled its mission by providing a geographical representation of Honduras, now contributes as a source of unquestionable historical value.
Today it is in one of the exhibition rooms of the Museum for the National Identity of Tegucigalpa.
Dr. Jesús Aguilar Paz received in 1969 the Ramón Rosa Order and in 1971 the National Science Award due to his high merits in favor of Honduras.
He was originally from Gualala , Santa Bárbara was born on October 15, 1895, married in 1927 with María Eva Cerrato, he was also part of La Revista de la Sociedad de Geografía e Historia de Honduras, and died on June 26, 1974 at the age of 79.