Santa Barbara Mountain National Park

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  • It has some of the least explored and most diverse ecosystems in Central America. The highest peak in the Santa Barbara National Park is the Santa Barbara Mountain. With a height of 2,744 meters above sea level (masl), it is the second highest mountain in Honduras.

    Santa Bárbara Mountain was declared a National Park in 1987. The Park contains cloud forests, humid forests and pine forests constituted in a total area of 321.23 km2, which includes a buffer zone of 190.27 km2 and a core zone of 130.96 km2 over 1800 meters above sea level.

    Santa Bárbara Mountain is a massive formation of lime, characterized by a network of caves and tunnels. For this reason, no surface water is found in the upper parts of the mountain; the water filters through the porous stone to the 50 communities that depend on the mountain and its watersheds for the supply of drinking water. Santa Bárbara Mountain is the only high-altitude limestone mountain in Central America.

    Although it has in common with Montaña Celaque some mountain plant species such as Abies Guatemalensis, Taxus globosa and Drimys granadensis, the limestone composition, the topography and the scarcity of surface water have created special ecosystems. There are several types of forest ecosystems in the Santa Bárbara National Park that are unique in Honduras and are not found in any other Central American country and are:

    Santa Bárbara National Park borders Lake Yojoa to the east and Cerro Azul Meámbar National Park to the east. The lake and both National Parks constitute one of the regions with the most biological diversity in Honduras.

    The region contains 17 individual ecosystems and there are: 169 reported species of ferns that constitute 25% of the ferns reported in Honduras. 407 birds, which represents 55% of all bird species identified in Honduras.

    15 endemic plants that only Honduras has, such as the herb Petravenia cyrill-nelsonii, and the ornamental palm Cryosophilla williamsii. Of the identified species of reptiles and amphibians in Honduras, it is estimated that it has 40%.

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