June 12 – World Day Against Child Labor

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  • The International Labor Organization (ILO) launched the World Day Against Child Labor in 2002 to focus attention on the global scale of child labor and on measures to eradicate it.

    On June 12 of each year, the efforts of governments, employers ‘and workers’ organizations, representatives of civil society, the media and many other actors at the local level, such as schools and local governments, join in the campaign against child labor.

    Background

    Today, about 168 million children work in the world, many full time. They don’t go to school and they don’t have time to play. Many do not receive proper nutrition or care. They denied the chance to be children.

    More than half of these children are exposed to the worst forms of child labor such as work in hazardous environments, slavery, and other forms of forced labor, illicit activities including drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as their involuntary participation in armed conflicts. .

    The International Program for the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC), guided by the principles enshrined in ILO Convention No. 138 on the minimum age and Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labor, works to achieve the effective abolition of child labor. child labor.

    Labor standards

    One of the main goals that were set for the International Labor Organization (ILO) when it was founded in 1919 was the abolition of child labor. From a historical perspective, the main instrument of the ILO to achieve the objective of the effective abolition of child labor has been the adoption and supervision of labor standards that address the concept of minimum age for admission to employment or work. .

    Furthermore, since 1919, the principle that minimum age standards should be associated with schooling has been part of the ILO normative tradition in this area. In it Convention No. 138 establishes that the minimum age for admission to employment shall not be less than the age at which the school obligation ceases.

    The adoption by the ILO ten years after Convention No. 182 consolidated the consensus that existed worldwide on the elimination of child labor. This instrument established the more specific objectives that were sorely needed, without abandoning the general objective expressed in Convention No. 138 of the effective abolition of child labor.

    Furthermore, the worst forms concept helps to set priorities and can serve as a starting point for tackling the main problem of child labor. The concept also helps pay attention to the effects of work on children and the type of work they do.

    Child labor, prohibited in international law, falls into three categories, namely:

    Data and numbers

    2018 Campaign – “Safe and healthy” Generation

    This year 2018, the World Day Against Child Labor and the World Day for Safety and Health at Work come together in a joint campaign to improve the safety and health of young workers and end child labor.

    The campaign aims to accelerate action to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 8, in particular Target 8.8 which seeks to promote a safe and secure work environment for all workers by 2030, and Target 8.7 which seeks to end to all forms of child labor by 2025.

    To achieve these goals, it is necessary to adopt a holistic approach that aims to eliminate child labor and that promotes a culture of prevention in occupational safety and health (OSH) for the benefit of the future global workforce.

    Action plan

    The Sustainable Development Goals and the elimination of child labor

    Partners in the fight against child labor

    There are good examples of union and employer organizations that play a fundamental role in the eradication of child labor in rural areas. For example, in Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh, two localities in India, unions and community members have recently organized and launched the idea of ’municipalities without child labor’ through dialogue with leaders and local employers. Many collective agreements have been signed in order to address the issue of child labor. Similarly, the Uganda Employers’ Federation has established committees to monitor child labor at the local level, including in the coffee, tea, rice and sugar sectors.

    Collaborations and alliances are also forged between unions and indigenous peoples’ organizations, especially in Latin America. At times, these initiatives have resulted in the inclusion of indigenous organizations in national committees for the prevention and eradication of child labor. unions and organizations of indigenous peoples, especially in Latin America. At times, these initiatives have resulted in the inclusion of indigenous organizations in national committees for the prevention and eradication of child labor.

    Sustainable Development Goal No. 8, in its Target 7, urges everyone to take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labor, end modern forms of slavery and trafficking in human beings, and ensure the prohibition and elimination of human trafficking. worst forms of child labor, no later than 2025, as an essential step to achieve full and productive employment, decent work for all and sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth.

    ILO action to abolish child labor has intensified over the past four years and considerable progress has been made since the publication of the first Global Report on this issue. The challenge over the next four years will be for the ILO to work more focused and strategically to act as a catalyst for a revitalized global partnership in support of national action to abolish child labor. This transformation of approach to global leadership will ensure that the ILO contributes more effectively to relegating child labor to history

    Sources

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