History of the Department of Atlántida

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  • Department of Atlántida

    The northern coast of Honduras was visited by Spanish conquerors in the first decades of the 16th century.

    Ethno-historical studies point to several aboriginal groups on the north coast of Honduras at the time of the arrival of the Spanish, among them are the Tolupans who saw the need to enter the territory before the advance of the conquerors.

    Hernán Cortés, conqueror of Mexico, in his II letter to King Carlos I in 1525, points out the warlike nature of these natives of the region, caciques of a great town called Papayeca who subjugated other towns and were difficult to pacify.

    The few archaeological results in the current department of Atlántida are limited, so it is difficult to know the cultures that developed there in pre-Hispanic times, the ethno-historical data from the moment of contact reveal diverse groups that the chroniclers are not able to characterize, without However, it is probably the organized Tolupans who must maintain wars, trade and exchange of products and ideas with Mesoamerican and circum-Caribbean groups.

    The arrival of Cristóbal de Olid on May 3, 1524 coincided with the festival of the Holy Cross; When the town of El Triunfo de la Cruz was founded, the Colonization of the region began, followed by clashes between the Hispanics to obtain the spoils of war, hunting of natives and control of precious metals; throughout the colonial era the area remained marginal.

    In contemporary times, the process of economic and social development was reactivated with the presence of foreign capital, aimed at the banana business since the end of the 19th century, since before this activity was in the hands of national producers.

    With the arrival of North American capital, a new stage begins, characterized by the control and commercialization of the fruit towards the southern markets of the United States, a situation that allowed Honduras at the end of the 1920s to establish itself as the first producer of fruit. banana worldwide.

    Some populations of the current department of Atlántida, such as Esparta, La Ceiba and Tela, before their constitution as such, belonged to the department of Yoro and other territories of the department of Colón and Cortés.

    Atlántida represents the department number 16 when it became the government of Terencio Sierra, for this reason a proposal arose in the sense that the set of towns in the department will be called Sierra; however this did not materialize.

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