In the area of the department of Atlántida there are 13 types of ecosystems, the predominant one being the tropical broadleaf forest, which is characterized by high biodiversity of flora and fauna.
The fauna of the rainforest region is very rich and varied, the most common are those of arboreal life, and those that live in river currents and lake waters.
Large animals are not very numerous, but there are hundreds of species of reptiles, amphibians and birds; lizards and many varieties of fish in streams; monkeys, bats and birds abound in the trees and thousands of varieties of insects swarm continuously: wasps, ants, mosquitoes, mosquitoes, gnats and others.
Among the most common species of this biogeographic region are: San Juan (Vochysya Hondurensis), Blood (Virola Koschinyi, Virola Sebif Era) Royal Cedar (Cedrela Mexicana) Common Cedar (Cedrela Adorata), Mahogany (Swetonia Niahogoni L.) Tree Of María (Calophyllum Brasiliense), Cortes (Tabebuia Guayacan) Espavel (Anacardium Excelsum), Guayabon (Terminalia Amazonia), Birnbayan (Vitex Cooperi) Sangredrago (Pterocarpus Officinalis), Rubber Tree (Castilla Elastica), Mountain Capulin (Bellotia Pana.Mensis ) Palm (Astrocaryum Standleyanwn) Raft (Ochroma Lagopus) guarumo (Cecropia Peltata) Pink Wood (Mirya Balsamífera) Brazil (Coesalpinia Echinata) Coconut (Cocus Nucifera) Corozo (Orignya Cahoume).
Among the mammals are the tapir, wild boar, or peccary, jagüilla, tiger or jaguar, puma, ocelot or tigrillo, wildcat or caucel, jaguarundí or small puma, bat, single coat, flock coat, raccoon, anteater, guatusa, tepescuincle or paca, in the rivers are the water fox and the otter. Among the mammals with arboreal habits are the spider monkey, the titi, the white-faced or capuchin monkey, the howler monkey, the three-toed sloth and the lion monkey.
The manatee is the emblematic species of the Cuero y Salado Foundation, Fucsa, which is in charge of preserving the natural beauty of the refuge and coordinates the visits. Also called a “sea cow”, the manatee reproduces among the aerial roots of mangroves and flees when it detects the frequent presence of humans.
The avifauna is varied and abundant, they are: hummingbirds or sparrows (more than 20 species) the widow. The woodpecker, owl, owl or spectacled owl, in extinction the tacan or razor-beak and orioles, red-naped parrot, green coast parakeet, king vulture or Central American condor, blood-crotch or robin, stork, green guara, black duck.
Loras, oak pheasant, ocotera pigeon, roadrunner or dog soul, magpie, carrot, quail, torcasa, taragón or guardabarranco macaw, cenzonde, goldfinch, hawk, bearded vulture, owl and osprey.
Crab, shrimp, lobster, crab, manta ray and a great variety of fish.
Among the reptiles are the yellow beard, tamagás, boa, brown caiman, iguanas, freshwater turtles such as the loggerhead, some in danger of extinction such as the rattlesnake, the green turtle, golf sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, the lizard and among amphibians, toads and climbing frogs of various species are abundant.