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Biography of Froylán Turcios

Written on: 9 de October de 2000 - Updated on: 25 September, 2021 - by: RedHonduras.com - in: Biographies of Honduras
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  • José Froylán de Jesús Turcios Canelas was born in the city of Juticalpa, Olancho, Honduras, on July 7, 1875 and died in San José, Costa Rica, on November 19, 1943.

    His parents were Mr. Froylán Turcios and Mrs. Trinidad Canelas. His siblings were: Alfonso, Delia, Gustavo, Luis and Mercedes Turcios Canelas

    He was a Honduran poet, storyteller, editor, anthologist and journalist, he is considered one of the most important Honduran intellectuals of the early 20th century.

    Table of Contents

    Laboral life

    Froylán Turcios was a well-known of the letters, in addition in the political field he was appointed Minister of the Interior, elect deputy for the National Congress and later delegate of Honduras before the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. As a journalist, he directed the newspaper El Tiempo in the capital city Tegucigalpa and founded the magazines El Tiempo de Tegucigalpa, El Pensamiento (1894), Revista nueva (1902), Arte y Letras (1903) and Esfinge (1905), among others.

    Once settled in the Republic of Guatemala, he edited the newspapers El Tiempo (1904) and El Domingo (1908) upon his return to his homeland Honduras, he directed the newspapers El Heraldo (1909), El Nuevo Tiempo (1911) and Boletín de la Defensa. National (1924); in 1925 he founded the “Ariel Magazine”.

    Imbued with Americanist struggles, he was the private secretary of the patriotic guerrilla Augusto César Sandino in the Republic of Nicaragua, and on the literary level a friend of Rubén Darío, Juan Ramón Molina and numerous figures of universal thought. He carried out an iron work of national defense, sometimes he did not agree with the policy implemented by the United States of America and other countries in the Central American region and the Antilles.

    Froylán Turcios the writer

    Froylan Turcios was a short story writer with fine precious features, leaning towards violent themes. The genre of the short story began in Honduras in the 20th century. In addition to cultivating precious poetry, he elaborated his stories as stylistic filigrees. His prose texts, influenced by the Italian Gabriele D’Annunzio, are characterized by the skill in the plot, the exact and at the same time ornamental value of the words and the unexpected or shocking endings that later marked a good part of the genre in Latin America.

    In 1910 he published the novel The Vampire , whose theme revolves around death and has a modernist style, which is why reality is not directly reflected in the work. The following year he published another shorter novel called The White Ghost . Among his volumes of poetry and short stories are, among others

    Froylan Turcios wrote “ La Oración del Hondureño ” feeling inspired by the people and landscape of his native Honduras. “The Prayer of the Honduran” appears in his book “Yesterday’s Pages” (Paris, France, 1932).

    Plays

    • The Honduran Prayer
    • Butterflies (1895),
    • Lines (1899),
    • Autumn Leaves (1905),
    • New prose (1914),
    • Sonora forest (1915),
    • Tales of love and death (1930),
    • Pages of Yesterday (1932), and
    • Complete stories (1995).

    Acknowledgments

    • Founder of the magazine El Tiempo de Tegucigalpa and El Pensamiento (1894)
    • Founder of the Nueva Magazine (1902)
    • Founder of Art and Letters (1903)
    • Editor of the newspaper El Tiempo in Guatemala (1904)
    • Founder of Sphinx (1905)
    • Editor of the newspaper El Domingo (1908)
    • He directed the newspaper El Heraldo (1909)
    • He directed the newspaper El Nuevo Tiempo (1911)
    • He directed the National Defense bulletin (1924)
    • Founder of Ariel magazine (1925)

    Bibliography

    • Martínez, José Francisco. “Honduran literature and its generational process.” Ediciones Nueva Universidad, Number 28 of the Honduran Letters Collection. National Autonomous University of Honduras, Editorial Universitaria. 1987.
    • Mejía, M. “Froylan Turcios in the fields of aesthetics and civics”. University Publishing House. Tegucigalpa, MDC Honduras, 1980.
    Biography of Froylán Turcios
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