Biography of Lucila Gamero de Medina

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  • Lucila Gamero Moncada is one of the first Honduran women writers, she is considered the first Honduran novelist and a pioneer of feminism in the country. She managed to produce a solid and avant-garde literary work for the society and women of her time, in the genre of the novel.

    He was born on June 12, 1873 in the eastern city of Danlí, in the department of El Paraíso, three years before the Liberal Reform of Dr. Marco Aurelio Soto began, and on January 23, 1964 in San Pedro Sula. His parents were Dr. Manuel Gamero and Camila Moncada .

    He lived for many years in Mexico, the country where he published most of his work. The critic and writer Luis Mariñas Otero called her “the great lady of Honduran letters.”

    Table of Contents

    Biography

    Family life

    He came from a family that, without being rich precisely, belonged to the upper class. “They had the idea of being descendants of Spaniards,” says Honduran writer Juan Ramón Martínez. That is why Lucila behaves with the dignity and prestige that her family wanted to have.

    His brothers were Gilberto Gamero (doctor), Carlos Gamero (musical composer), and José Manuel, better known as Manuel de Adalid Gamero, who until today is considered the father of Honduran music, for his significant contributions in that artistic discipline.

    Gamero rode horseback, ran a farm, and owned a pharmacy. It was branded as manly and immoral. In 1898 she married Mr. Gilberto Medina, a wealthy but relatively uneducated man, who had been a Judge in Danlí.

    He had 2 children. Doña Aída Cora Medina widow of Seville and Don Gilberto Gustavo Medina , now deceased. It is said that when he died, he was not given the answer in the church, due to his criticism of the hierarchy. Strangely, his grave does not have a headstone either.

    Studies

    She was trained as a doctor and a pharmacist, and despite being prohibited from studying at the University in Guatemala, she studied in Honduras under the direction of her father, where she obtained her diploma as a Physician and Surgeon in 1924 at the National Autonomous University of Honduras. (UNAH) by Doctor Manuel G. Zúñiga, then dean of the Faculty of Medical Sciences. In 1924 she was the director of the Danlí hospital and served as a health consultant in Danlí as well.

    Feminism

    Her feminist and advanced vision made her a misunderstood woman, and she also had to deal with her gender dissatisfaction. She wanted to go to study in Guatemala with her brother, as she had a vocation as a doctor, but she had to settle for empirically exercising what she read in books.

    On February 2, 1946, together with a group of suffragettes, they organized the Pan-American women’s society and on March 5, 1947, they organized the Honduran women’s committee, affiliated with the Inter-American Commission of Women with the objective of obtaining political rights for women and fought for the right of women to vote or suffrage, a fact that she could see materialized in 1957.

    She also published the magazine “Mujer Americana”, the third feminist newspaper in the country, after the Navasde Atlántida newspaper and the Cristina Hernández de Gómez newspaper Atenea printed in Progreso since 1944.

    Literary career

    His work is situated between the late Romanticism and the Avant-garde, and although it has generally been situated in the American Avant-garde, in reality his work can be more comfortably situated in the last romantic stage of literature, whose embers lasted until the first years of the century. XX.

    The abundant literary production occupies the late period of the romanticism of the Latin American novel; love and family are the great themes that occupy most of his narrative plots. His most popular novel is Blanca Olmedo.

    It is not known where he inherits his literary streak, but it is known that since he was young he has been writing. Her first novel was Amalia Montiel , 1895, which she publishes by chapters in the weekly El Pensamiento, directed by Froylan Turcios in Tegucigalpa , the first literary medium to give space to women.

    Lucila corresponded with Turcios and with his sister, Rafaela, with whom she seemed to bond a great friendship. Gamero also has the honor of publishing the country’s first novel, Adriana y Margarita , 1897, out of a total of seven novels and a book of stories.

    Despite her persistence and ability, in Froylán Turcios’ publication, Gamero appears as a simple collaborator and no mention is made of her novels or any literary criticism. It was a mean attitude in which, no doubt, the fact that she was a woman had to do with it.

    Her feminist and advanced vision made her a misunderstood woman, and she also had to deal with her gender dissatisfaction. She wanted to go to study in Guatemala with her brother, as she had a vocation as a doctor, but she had to settle for empirically exercising what she read in books.

    He was a member of several literary associations in Central America and a member of the Honduran Academy of the Language.

    Blanca Olmedo

    At the beginning of this century he published his famous novel BLANCA OLMEDO , which has especially made generations of young girls cry. A second edition was published in 1933 and a third in 1954 and the recent one was published in 1972. It seems that there have also been clandestine editions.

    A great Nicaraguan writer, Don Antonio Medrano, wrote the following about this novel:

    “BLANCA OLMEDO”. Book intensely lived and felt. Book in which the author has put Soul, Passion, Pain … Book in which Love and Life palpitate, which pass like meteors, which vanish … Its pages are not read, they are devoured, they are lived, felt, and our tears make them immortal. LUCILA GAMERO DE MEDINA is already CONSECRATED BY GLORY.

    Main works

    Lucila Gamero de Medina wrote, among others, the following novels:

    An important series of analyzes and concepts has emerged about her work that consecrate her, in the words of the historian Luis Mariñas Otero, as “the great lady of Honduran letters”.

    Biography of Lucila Gamero de Medina
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