August 3 – Columbus Flag Day
On August 3 of each year in Honduras the day of the Flag of the Race or Flag of Hispanidad is celebrated , in memory of the departure of Christopher Columbus from Puerto Palos, in Huelva, Andalusia, Spain in the year 1942 in command from his ship the Santa María with his two caravels; La Niña and La Pinta.
Columbus would arrive three months after his departure, on October 12 of the same year, discovering what is now known as America and beginning the conquest of the New World by the Spanish.
In the schools of Honduras this day is celebrated by singing the lyrics of the song “Saludo a la Bandera de la Raza“.
Creation of the Flag of the Race
In 1932 a continental competition was organized by the Uruguayan poet Juana de Ibarbourou with the purpose of designing the flag to commemorate this historic event. The winner and creator was Ángel Camblor, captain of the Uruguayan National Army. Camblor pointed out Justice, Peace, Union and Fraternity as the most representative values of Hispanic Americans.
It was not until the VII Pan American Conference in December 1933 that it was adopted by the Latin American countries as a representative symbol.
In Honduras, it was adopted that same year, under decree number 518, establishing its celebration in schools.
It was established that “the celebration will be held in order for schools to pay homage to the immortal discoverer of America”, and maintains that the idea is to keep Hispanic-continental ideals alive among the country’s schoolchildren.
Description of the Flag of the Race
The cloth is white, the color of peace and light, and it was the predominant color of the cloth of the flags of the Spanish empire and of the first sovereign movements of America, such as the flags of Guayaquil, Hidalgo, Morelos, Belgrano, or San Martin. The three concave crosses are Mexican or Mayan crosses that recall by their similarity those that carried the two caravels and the ship with which Christopher Columbus discovered the New World (La Niña, La Pinta and La Santa María). The Inca sun symbolizes the awakening of the American continent.
The Flag of the Race was hoisted for the first time on Thursday, October 12, 1932, Columbus Day, in the Plaza de la Independencia in Montevideo.