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Act of Independence of Honduras

Escrito el: 18 de January de 2022 - Modificado: 18 January, 2022 - por: - en: History - Origin, Times and Periods, Historical Facts

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  • Few people know the content of our Act of Independence of Honduras, below we can read the text of such a great document that gave us freedom as a nation.

    Arrival of the Declarations of Independence to Honduras
    Painting on the signing of the Sheets of Independence of Honduras

    Declaration of Independence of the Captaincy General of Guatemala

    (Today Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica)

    “National Palace of Guatemala, September fifteenth, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one.
    the Consulate and the My Bar Association, the Regular Prelates, Chiefs and public officials: all gathered in the same room: the expressed trades were read: the matter was carefully discussed and meditated upon; and heard the clamor of Viva la Independencia, which was continually repeated by the people who were gathered in the streets, square, patio, corridors and antechamber of this palace, they were involved by this Diputación and individuals from Esmo. City Hall: commits itself to this Provincial Council and individuals from Esmo. City Hall: commits itself to this Provincial Council and individuals from Esmo. Town hall:

    1. That being the independence of the Spanish Government the general will of the people of Guatemala, and without prejudice to what the Congress that must be formed determines about it, the Political Chief orders it to be published to prevent the consequences, which would be fearful in the case of that it was actually proclaimed by the people themselves.
    2. That of course official letters be circulated to the provinces, by extraordinary couriers, so that without any delay they proceed to elect their Deputies or Representatives and these concur in this capital, to form the Congress that must decide the point of general and absolute independence, and set, if agreed, the form of government and fundamental law that should govern.
    3. That in order to facilitate the appointment of Deputies, the same provincial electoral boards, which did or should have done the elections of the last Deputies to the Cortes, should do.
    4. That the number of these Deputies be in proportion to one for every fifteen thousand individuals, without eliminating from citizenship those originating from Africa.
    5. That the same provincial electoral boards, bearing in mind the latest censuses, determine, according to this base, the number of Deputies or Representatives that they must elect.
    6. In view of the seriousness and urgency of the matter, they serve to hold the elections in such a way that on the first day of March of the next year, 1822, all the Deputies are gathered in this capital.
    7. That meanwhile, not being new in the established authorities, they continue to exercise their respective powers, in accordance with the Constitution, decrees and laws until the Congress indicated to determine what is more just and beneficial.
    8. That the Political Chief, Brigadier Don Gabino Gainza, continues with the superior political and military government; and so that this has the character that seems to be proper to the circumstances, a Provisional Consultative Board is formed, made up of the current individuals of this Provincial Council and Mr. Miguel Larreynaga, Minister of this Audience: Mr. José del Valle, Auditor of War: Marquis of Aycinena: Doctor Don José Valdés, Treasurer of this Holy Church: Doctor Don Ángel María Candina; and Mr. Antonio Robles, 3rd Constitutional Mayor: the first for the province of León, the second for Comayagua, the third for Quezaltenango, the fourth for Sololá and Chimaltenango, the fifth for Sonsonate, and the sixth for Ciudad Real de Chiapas.
    9. That this Provisional Board consult the Political Chief on all economic and governmental matters worthy of his attention.
    10. May the Catholic religion, which we have professed in previous centuries and will profess in succeeding centuries, be preserved pure and unalterable, keeping alive the spirit of religiosity that has always distinguished Guatemala, respecting secular and regular ecclesiastical ministers, and protecting them in their persons and property.
    11. That the office be passed to the worthy prelates of the religious communities so that, cooperating in peace and calm, which is the first necessity of the peoples when they pass from one government to another, they arrange for their individuals to exhort those who they are united in the general feeling of independence, they must also be united in the others, suffocating individual passions, which divide spirits and produce disastrous consequences.
    12. That the Excellency City Council, to whom the conservation of order and tranquility corresponds, take the most active measures to keep him undisturbed throughout this capital and surrounding towns.
    13. That the Political Chief publish a manifesto making known to all the general sentiments of the people, the opinion of the authorities and corporations, the measures of this Government, the causes and circumstances that decided to put it in the hands of the First Mayor, at the request of the people, the oath of independence and fidelity to the established American Government.
    14. That the same oath be taken by the Provisional Board, the Excellency City Council, the Illustrious Lord Archbishop, the Courts, political and military leaders, the regular Prelates, their religious communities, Chiefs and employees in revenues, authorities, corporations and troops. of the respective garrisons.
    15. That the Political Chief, in accordance with the Excellency City Council, order the solemnity and indicate the day on which the people must make the proclamation and express oath of independence.
    16. That the City Council agree on the minting of a medal, which perpetuates in the centuries the memory of SEPTEMBER FIFTEENTH, EIGHT HUNDRED AND TWENTY-ONE, in which its happy independence was proclaimed.
    17. That with the printing of this act and the expressed manifesto, circulate the Excellencies Provincial Deputies, Constitutional Councils and other regular, secular and military ecclesiastical authorities, so that being consistent in the same sentiments that this people has expressed, serve to act in agreement with all of the above.
    18. That a solemn thanksgiving mass be sung, on the day designated by the Political Chief, with the assistance of the Provisional Board, of all the authorities, corporations and chiefs, making artillery salutes and three days of illumination.

    National Palace of Guatemala, September 15, 1821.

    Heroes of Independence:


    See also…

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